They cite Islamic customs, which permit Muslim men to marry up to 4 wives. And they say the brand new invoice would give extra rights to the wives and youngsters of polygamous husbands. (Dmitrov, Russia; March 28, 2011)IIHF World Women’s U18 Championships – Division IAppearances 2 Best result 6th International report (W–L–T)5-28-0mainThe Kazakh women’s nationwide underneath 18 ice hockey staff is the nationwide beneath-18 ice hockey team in Kazakhstan. The group represents Kazakhstan at the International Ice Hockey Federation’s IIHF World Women’s U18 Division I – Qualifications. The national under-18 group debuted in 2007 during qualification for the first ever IIHF Under 18 women’s world championships . The Kazakhstan women’s national ice hockey group represents Kazakhstan on the International Ice Hockey Federation’s IIHF World Women’s Championships. The women’s nationwide group is managed by Kazakhstan Ice Hockey Federation.

These agreements regulate points of academic mobility of scholars and college, guest lectures of main researchers, the implementation of joint analysis, analysis internships for master and doctoral college students, and so on. In addition, the Double-diploma program is carried out with Mississippi Valley State University and Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University .

At the identical time, women engaged in these activities encounter borrowing constraints, preventing their entry into the formal sector (Asian Development Bank 2013, pp. forty two–43). Employed women are entitled to family benefits paid for by the employer. Furthermore, the legislation prohibits the dismissal of ladies primarily based upon their status as moms of youngsters under three years of age or being pregnant. These factors have a unfavorable impact kazakhstani women on women�s employment prospects, as employers consider women to be a risky and expensive class of employee. Some NGOs report that trafficking does happen around the nation, however the government has not undertaken any vital evaluate of the situation. The variety of Kazakh women who are trafficked is estimated to be one percent of the total female population.


Preemptive measures disqualified major opponents and prevented remaining opponents from gathering political support. International and domestic protest over the election course of identified the weak spot of democratic institutions and corruption of police authorities. The judicial system does not address political oppression, because the president�s affect is unduly felt within the judicial branch of the government. The parliament is viewed as a puppet machine run by supporters of the president. Nazarbayev�s influence isn’t restricted to authorities operations, as his daughter controls the nationwide tv network, his brother-in-law is head of tax police, and his son-in-law is vice-president of the Kazakhoil Company. In 2008, Kazakh State Women’s Teacher Training Institute was awarded the status of University by the Government’s decree.

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In 2019, the number of overseas college students was 127 students.There are 37 youth organizations in the University. The distinctive club is «Kyz Zhibek», which has branches in 9 regions of the country.The infrastructure is represented by 3 educational buildings and 7 dormitories for college students and staff of the University. There are a scholar service heart, medical health heart, swimming pool “Akku”, library, fitness center, eating room “Ulpan” organized and functioned for the convenience of students and staff.

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In 2019, in the basic based on the IAAR ranking, of the TOP-20 universities of the Republic of Kazakhstan, KNWTTU takes 7th place. In the Academic Ranking of World Universities-European Standard (ARES-2019), the University keeps the 25th place amongst ninety five universities in Kazakhstan. The university participates in the score of instructional packages of the National Chamber of Entrepreneurs of the Republic of Kazakhstan “Atameken”. In 2019, KNWTTU entered the top ten in 13 educational programs.Kazakh National Women’s Teacher Training University conducts and develops worldwide cooperation with 65 overseas associate universities. The main partners are International Western College , Sungshin Women’s University , Hubei University , University of Perpignan and others.

These findings prove that it is vital to treat every Muslim country as a specific case, somewhat than to generalize the nature of countries with widespread ethnic teams or religious majorities. As the worldwide prevalence of radical Islamic teams will increase, cultivating an understanding of Islam in areas of the world similar to Central Asia is vital to comprehending the non-radical realizations of Islam as a perception system.

The college students enrolled on the premise of the state educational grant in addition to worldwide college students are supplied with three meals a day and places in dormitories. It is a daring assertion certainly to say that the boys of Kazakhstan are oppressed victims of ladies-led social consciousness campaigns, however the country’s misogynists are nothing if not oblivious. How does religiosity of a Kazakh woman influence her attitudes towards the political, economic, and social climate of contemporary day Kazakhstan? There is no purpose to presume that Kazakh women have the identical opinions as Muslim women from the Islamic countries of the Middle East and Northern Africa if we hold that culture influences social, and subsequently non secular, life. I argue that Islam in Kazakhstan contains distinct rituals and cultural features surrounding religious follow that shape the attitudes of Kazakh women, differentiating them from Muslim women in other Islamic nations. This outcomes from a combination of Islamic rituals and beliefs from Tengrianism, the faith of the Kazakh nomads. I found a weak relationship between religiosity and most political, financial, and social attitudes of Kazakh women.

This investigation focuses on two competing theories and their explanatory value in regards to female political representation in Kazakhstan. Historical Institutionalism maintains that current institutional dynamics are constrained by previous institutional formations, even when these previous institutions are not relevant. Social Constructivism challenges this principle by upholding that establishments are culturally located and a reflection of shared concepts rather than materials forces as argued by historic institutionalism. Based on Hanna Pitkin’s four dimensions of representation , I study how Kazakhstan’s Soviet previous and its creation of a Kazakh ethnic-nationwide id resulted within the decline of female political representation in all 4 dimensions. Utilizing official documents, information stories, and interviews carried out with elite females and university students in Almaty, Kazakhstan, women are much less represented now than they were beneath the Soviet regime.

Where women had been as soon as of symbol of equality beneath the Soviet regime, as an alternative stands ethnic nationalism epitomized in the type of one Kazakh man, President Nursultan Nazarbayev. Comparing these results back to the two theoretical frameworks, historical institutionalism and social constructivism individually don’t adequately present an general assessment on the current status of women in Kazakhstan. Migrant workers were considered most at risk for compelled or obligatory labor. In 2018 according to the Ministry of Interior Affairs, 1.8 million people had been registered as migrants in the nation. The majority of migrant workers came from Uzbekistan, however there have been additionally lesser numbers from Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Migrant employees found employment primarily in agriculture and construction.

Such dialogue has led to further collaborations between UNDP and the federal government of Kazakhstan. For instance, a project entitled �Status and financial development of girls in Kazakhstan�, offering small loans to help entrepreneurial women, was achieved due to UN influence and monetary help. However, outdoors of collaborative efforts with and help from the UN, Kazakhstan has been gradual to independently promote women�s status. Even the National Commission, a government entity, is largely funded by worldwide sources. The president and different authorities members acknowledge the concept of women�s rights. Yet, in September of 1998, President Nazarbayev�s speech on the event plan to the yr 2030 included express reference to women solely in their capacities as child bearers. Later amendments to the Constitution further reinforced worldwide issues about the election.

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More than 1,500 folks have since been assisted by UNHCR and companions to verify or acquire a nationality, of which ten per cent had been kids whose births weren’t registered as a result of their mother and father weren’t documented. Even though the delivery registration fee for kids in Kazakhstan is relatively excessive , children born to undocumented migrants and folks with undetermined nationality have been beforehand not in a position to have their births registered. “This will profit kids born to folks who’re undocumented in Kazakhstan and folks with undetermined nationality; and will also forestall kids from becoming stateless sooner or later. We respect the speedy decision and action taken by the authorities,“ stated Yasuko Oda, UNHCR’s Regional Representative for Central Asia. “Many women have become the second or third wives, but neither they nor their children have rights,” she says. “I don’t wish to see the word ‘polygamy’ , but I wish to see that men have obligations and are held responsible for all their relationships and the youngsters born outside marriages.” Proponents of legalizing polygamy say the new bill will help enhance the demographic scenario within the nation.

The variety of faculty members is approximately 556 folks together with professors with a Ph.D. is 231 (fifty three.8%) and a hundred sixty five academics with Master’s degree in 2018. In the tutorial 12 months, 55 academic applications have been successfully accredited by Independent Agency for Accreditation and Rating and different 10 applications are accredited by Accreditation, Certification and Quality Assurance Institute .

Identification of pressured labor victims, however, remained low and even decreased in contrast with 2018. Of eighty three victims identified in 2018, seventy nine were victims of sexual exploitation, three victims of labor exploitation, and one sufferer of compelled begging. In 2018 police investigated 106 legal circumstances on human trafficking, and courts convicted 17 traffickers, all for sexual exploitation.

The Ministry of Labor and Social Protection is answerable for dealing with points related to migrant labor. In 2017 the government adopted a new Concept of Migration coverage for and an accompanying implementation plan. The Ministry of Labor and Social Protection is responsible for conducting checks of employers to reveal labor regulation violations, including exploitation of foreign staff. The Ministry of Internal Affairs is liable for identifying victims of compelled labor and sexual exploitation and initiating felony proceedings. The government effectively enforced the laws to establish home victims of sexual exploitation, but it did not effectively enforce the legal guidelines to establish foreign victims and domestic victims of labor trafficking. The statistics on identification of international victims remained low; only two overseas victims have been identified in 2018–one sufferer of sexual exploitation, and another victim of labor exploitation. Police conducted interagency operations to seek out victims of forced labor.